The if Command

if performs conditional actions if the specified conditions are found. It can be combined with any script command, including itself, allowing for nested if commands.

See some example constructions below:

Syntax Example
if [not] errorlevel number scriptCommand


  • errorlevel is great or equal to number when not is not present (or less than number when not is present)
if errorlevel 0 echo "errorlevel is greater/equal to 0"
if [not] string1==string2 command

Where either string can be a string constant or an environment variable. Strings can be any string of Unicode characters.

if abc==%xyz% echo "value of environment variable xyz is equal to abc"

If a variable contains white space, enclose the string in quotation marks ("")

if "%name%==John Smith" echo "This is John Smith"

if [not] exist filename command

Where filename can include the directory path as well as the file name.

If a file or folder is found (or not found when not is present), the command is executed. If you specify directory information in filename, the command will search the specified directory. Otherwise, it will search the current directory. Use 1:\ to specify device root folder.

if exist "1:\IPSM\" echo "1:\IPSM\ exists"
if [not] procexists processName command

Where if processName is found running in the memory of the device, the specified command is executed

if procexists filesys.exe echo yes